The study, conducted by Carol Ann Paul, and colleagues , consisted of 1,839 adults who were over 60 years old. In addition, part of the Framingham Offspring Study – children of the original Framingham Heart Study participants – and their spouses. Each participant provided data about the number of alcoholic drinks they consumed per week, sex, education, body mass index and Framingham Stroke Risk Profile a person’s risk for stroke. In addition, health researchers testing information and results of magnetic resonance imaging tests that the patients from 1999 to 2001 were used.
All ten years gives an estimated 1.9 percent decrease in brain volume and an increase in white matter lesions. People developing dementia or problems with thinking, learning and memory are tend to have lower tend to have lower brain volumes and larger white matter lesions. In light of previous research that has demonstrated a reduction in the risk of cardiovascular disease in people who consumed moderately alcohol, the researchers curious to see if a relationship between alcohol and brain volume. The investigators suggested that a slowdown in the brain volume decreased by small amounts of alcohol are connected, because the brain receives blood from the same cardiovascular system.Given the substantial organ shortage, that many patients leave with end-stage renal disease at living organ donor kidney transplantation. After Lentine in 2006 approximately 27,000 living donor kidney transplants were reported worldwide and living donors provides almost 40 % of kidney transplants in the USA.